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The Conscious and Unconscious a’la Jung Freud viewed the unconscious as a production of consciousness, created to become the dustbin of repressed material. Jung took a completely opposite view and suggested consciousness was derived from the unconscious, and that it … Continue reading

Jung’s Theoretical Position Part 3 Principle of Polarity This is also described by Jung as the principle of opposites. It is interesting to note that every concept in Jung’s theory has its polar opposite.  Jung suggested that individuals need to … Continue reading

Jung’s Theoretical Position Part 2 Universal Influences A number of central theoretical propositions underpin Jung’s psychology.  It is important  to understand the essence of his theoretical platform as he applies principles from physics and thermodynamics to explain factors of human … Continue reading

JUNG’S THEORETICAL POSITION Part 1 We yearn for meaning, belonging and relatedness. A connectedness with the universe and universal impulses. There are no boundaries in reality except those that are created by consciousness.  Just because something falls outside the boundaries … Continue reading

Gestalt Dream Work Of course, Fritz Perls had trained as a Freudian psychoanalyst, so initially he would work with dreams as Freud had done, i.e., by interpreting them. Freud had done a great deal of work on dreams, publishing his … Continue reading

The Five Level Model of Neurosis The circle in the middle represents the core self, the real authentic person, before he or she developed layers of defences for self-protection, like an onion has layers. The task of therapy is to … Continue reading

The Cycle of Awareness The circle  represents  the  self/the person/the organism. Outside the circle is the environ-ment, i.e., everything which is not the person. The perimeter of the circle represents the boundary between the self and the environment, often referred … Continue reading

Collusion in Therapy When you find yourself getting caught up in agreeing with the client, being fascinated by the content and asking questions for you own interest, making comments on the other people and the situation; then you are communicating … Continue reading

Reframing The basis of reframing is to separate intention from behaviour. Two Major Types of Reframes: CONTEXT REFRAME: “I’m too ….” -or- “He’s too …. ” Think of a different context in which the person will respond differently to the … Continue reading

The Organismic Self In considering behaviour, personality and development, Rogers highlighted a true or organismic self – the total sum of a person’s experiences and predispositions on all levels. A person is suggested to react not “atomistically”, but as an … Continue reading

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