Reframing in Therapy
The basis of reframing is to separate intention from behaviour.
Two Major Types of Reframes:
CONTEXT REFRAME:Â Â “Iâm too ….”Â -or-Â “Heâs too …. ”
Think of a different context in which the person will respond differently to the same behaviour.
MEANING REFRAME:Â Â Â “Whenever âXâ happens, I respond âYâ.”
Ask yourself, “What else could this behaviour mean?”Â or internally think of an opposite frame or a different meaning.Â “What is it that this person hasnât noticed (in this context) that will bring about a different meaning, and change his response?”
ReframeÂ âI failed the exam because I am not good enough, and I never will beâ to âI failed the exam because I believed I would, so didnât work hard enough. Next time I will do the work and I will passâ.
ReframeÂ âHe said I was fat so I must lose a stone within two weeksâ to âHe said I was fat and I felt hurt. I donât know whether he was meaning to be insulting or helpful, but what matters is how I think. I will ask otherâs their opinion, and decide for myself whether I need to lose weight and tell him his comment hurt me.â
ReframeÂ âNo man can be trustedâ to âI have met some men who cannot be trusted, but I have also heard of some who can. I will be careful, but not presume.â