Skills and Techniques
The goal of stress management is not to eliminate theÂ stress response, but to determine and control individualÂ optimal stress levels. I.e. where stress works for the person andÂ not against. It is fundamental to learn to assess and controlÂ your own stress levels and develop strategies to cope. WeÂ have looked at some of those, coping responses and theÂ Câs.
This involves 2 stages.
Awareness – you need to identify the stress reaction and theÂ stressors. You must be aware the stress is present, and yourÂ ability to deal with it, your attributes. You need to know howÂ you can manage the stress and what is happening aroundÂ you, to you and in you.
Control & manage â the stressor and stress levels. To be ableÂ to do this change is required, and self acceptance is the keyÂ to this. What you are today is a result of life experiences,Â what you have been told to perceive. Change is possible,Â but not instantly. Accept who you are and what you are, thisÂ is the first step in change.Â Acknowledge that the responsibility for change lies withÂ you. Whatever the stressors, donât blame someone else,Â work, home or fate. You make the difference.
Stress can be controlled to the benefit of the individual, itÂ begins with a positive attitude do not make light of theÂ stressors, nor feel inadequate, certain things bother peopleÂ differently. However trivial the stress needs dealing with andÂ the following can be utilized.
o Relaxation techniques
o Health, diet and sleep
o Exercise, support from others
There are many relaxation techniques around, fromÂ progressive muscle relaxation, breathing techniques to soothingÂ music, the list goes on. It is whatever the person can adapt to atÂ the time; it is what suits the individual, not all work for everyone.Â They use combinations of music, sounds and voice. And theyÂ work by getting you to focus on muscles groups in the body,Â relaxing them, breathing and even visualization. The reason beingÂ that it gives you focuses on something else other than the stress. Itis best done in a place where you will not be disturbed, literallyÂ anywhere, even at your desk etc.