Development of Psychoanalysis Pt 2
Such early writings began to attract a following from kindred minds in allied professions. Hence, after an extended period of working in isolation, Freud began once again to collaborate with others, and the Wednesday Psychological Group was initiated in 1902 (the same year that Freud was appointed extraordinary professor of neuropathology at the University of Vienna). Initially, only four others were involved in the weekly group meetings – Adler, Stekel, Kahane and, the first person after Freud to practise psychoanalysis, Reitler – but word soon spread and the group expanded.Â Notable additional members included Jung, Ferenczi, Jones, Brill and Abraham. As illustrative of the growing international recognition of psychoanalysis, Freud and Jung were invited to speak at the twentieth anniversary celebration of the founding of Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, while 1910 saw the formation of the International Psychoanalytic Association, with Jung as its first president.
Set-backs were encountered, however, and especially concerning the defection of several of Freud’s important colleagues. Among others, Adler, Stekel and, perhaps most damaging of all, “crown prince” and “heir apparent” Jung severed their association with Freud. Freud continued largely undeterred and further advanced his ideas.Â Additional writings included Totem and Taboo (1914), applying psychoanalysis to another of Freud’s interests, archaeology, and Introductory Lectures in Psychoanalysis (1916), a compendium of Freudian theory up to the First World War.