CARL ROGERS’ NONDIRECTIVE INTERVIEWING TECHNIQUE
Carl Rogers’ interviewing technique is one in which the therapist takes a veryÂ definite back seat. It is less structured than free association and is underpinned byÂ a philosophy that is scornful of all who would be presumptuous enough toÂ brandish diagnostic tools. It is client or person-centred and like Freud’s andÂ Sullivan’s its procedures are inextricably linked with Rogers’ own theory ofÂ personality.
For Rogers the self is the key concept. The self develops as a result of interactionÂ with the environment. This interaction with the environment may be healthy andÂ enriching or unhealthy and distorting. The self strives for consistency and whenÂ experiences challenge that consistency they are perceived as threats.Â The self does change with the maturation process and learning. The Rogerian
interview with its emphasis on self-exploration encourages and stimulates change.Â The important point is that change comes from within as a result of the client’sÂ exploration of self. The therapist resists any interference with a natural process.
His/her rÃ´le is to create the right climate for change. There must be no adviceÂ given, no information offered, no interpretations by the ‘expert therapist’. TheÂ therapist must concentrate on entering the client’s private world and remainingÂ there in an empathic, non-judgemental way. Under such conditions personalÂ growth will occur. The therapist is above all a listener, a reflector, a responder to
feelings. He/she offers the client total acceptance. Rogers believed that whenÂ the conditions were right, the client would be able to respond constructively andÂ positively, moving in the direction of autonomy, social adjustment, independence